1.2. Custom callout icon#

In this tutorial, you’ll learn how to easily tag a map with a custom icon.

Show the example

1.2.1. Preparing images#

In order to make a custom icon, we usually need two images - the actual icon image and its shadow image. For this tutorial, we used the Leaflet logo and created 4 images - 3 different color blade images and a common shadow image for them:

Note that the white areas in the image are actually transparent.

1.2.2. Create icon#

The marker icon in the Leaflet is defined by the L.Icon object and is used as a parameter option when creating the marker. Let’s create a green leaf icon:

var greenIcon = L.icon({{
    iconUrl: 'leaf-green.png',
    shadowUrl: 'leaf-shadow.png',

    iconSize:     [38, 95], // size of the icon
    shadowSize:   [50, 64], // size of the shadow
    iconAnchor:   [22, 94], // point of the icon which will correspond to marker's location
    shadowAnchor: [4, 62],  // the same for the shadow
    popupAnchor:  [-3, -76] // point from which the popup should open relative to the iconAnchor

Now it’s easy to put an icon on the map:

L.marker([51.5, -0.09], {{icon: greenIcon}}).addTo(map);
View this example

1.2.3. Define icon class#

What if we need to create some icons that have a lot in common? Let’s define our own icon class, which includes sharing options. It’s really easy to inherit Leaflet from the L icon ( L.Icon ):

var LeafIcon = L.Icon.extend({{
    options: {{
        shadowUrl: 'leaf-shadow.png',
        iconSize:     [38, 95],
        shadowSize:   [50, 64],
        iconAnchor:   [22, 94],
        shadowAnchor: [4, 62],
        popupAnchor:  [-3, -76]

Now we can create these three leaf icons in this class and use them:

var greenIcon = new LeafIcon({{iconUrl: 'leaf-green.png'}}),
redIcon = new LeafIcon({{iconUrl: 'leaf-red.png'}}),
orangeIcon = new LeafIcon({{iconUrl: 'leaf-orange.png'}});

As you may have noticed, we created a leaf icon instance using the keyword new. So why aren’t all Leaflet classes created with it? The answer is simple: the real Leaflet classes are named with uppercase letters (such as L.Icon), and they also need to use new is created, but it is also named with a lowercase letter name (L.icon), which is created for convenience, such as:

L.icon = function (options) {{
    return new L.Icon(options);

You can also do the same thing in class. Ok, let’s put the markers for these icons on the map:

L.marker([51.5, -0.09], {{icon: greenIcon}}).addTo(map).bindPopup("I am a green leaf.");
L.marker([51.495, -0.083], {{icon: redIcon}}).addTo(map).bindPopup("I am a red leaf.");
L.marker([51.49, -0.1], {{icon: orangeIcon}}).addTo(map).bindPopup("I am an orange leaf.");

Now open the full example .