3.3. MapServer interaction: browse and zoom control#
This section introduces how to realize the control of map browsing and zooming through CGI in MapServer.
3.3.1. How to browse and zoom#
As in the previous map, we pass our mapfile path and other parameters (
Initialize our application MapServ (
/cgi-bin/mapserv ). Here is a
In Mapfile, you need to add:
TEMPLATEPATTERN '.' ，otherwise, it may
loadWeb(): General error message. URL-based TEMPLATE configuration failed pattern validation.
For clarity, use the Python code to list the parameters as follows:
>>> paras = [ ... ['map', '/owg/mdca.map'], ... ['mode', 'browse'], ... ['root', '/owg'], ... ['program', '/cgi-bin/mapserv'], ... ['layer', 'modis'], ... ['zoom', '0'], ... ['map_web', 'template+example2-1.html'] ... ] >>> url_para = '&'.join(x for x in ['='.join(x ) for x in paras]) >>> url_para 'map=/owg/mdca.map&mode=browse&root=/owg&program=/cgi-bin/mapserv&layer=topo&zoom=0&map_web=template+example2-1.html'
If you want to use multiple layers, use the
layer parameter multiple
times. But the same template file can be used.
>>> paras = [ ... ['map', '/owg/mdca.map'], ... ['mode', 'browse'], ... ['root', '/owg'], ... ['program', '/cgi-bin/mapserv'], ... ['layer', 'modis'], ... ['layer', 'states_line'], ... ['zoom', '0'], ... ['map_web', 'template+example2-1.html'] ... ] >>> url_para = '&'.join(x for x in ['='.join(x ) for x in paras]) >>> url_para 'map=/owg/mdca.map&mode=browse&root=/owg&program=/cgi-bin/mapserv&layer=topo&layer=states_line&zoom=0&map_web=template+example2-1.html'
This example seems to have no new knowledge points.
This time we use
browse mode instead of
map mode. The
mode tells MapServer to create a map (image) on the
The path and name of the image are referenced by MapServer under the
img . When MapServer parses the HTML template, it replaces the
[img] tag with the correct path to the image:
There are a few things you can do with this map. First, click on any
part of the image and the map will refresh and center the clicked point.
This is panning. If you click the
Map Control drop-down box, you can
zoom in or
zoom out value. If you set it to
Zoom In 2x and then click on any part of the map, the map will be
refreshed, zoomed in, and the clicked point will be centered. If you
zoom out, the opposite happens. When you select a “Zoom In” or “Zoom
Out” value and click the “Refresh” button, the map zooms in or out from
the center of the previous map. You can refresh the map at any time
using the refresh button.
The zoom/pan controls use internal MapServer CGI variables. This example shows how to use the “scale” variable. The value of zoom determines how far to zoom in or out. If the value is ‘0’, MapServer will reposition the image based on the user’s mouse click. If the value is greater than “0”, the CGI program zooms in (the current scale of the map multiplied by the zoom value). If it is negative, the CGI program zooms out (divides the current scale by the zoom value). Other variables that can be used to control zoom and pan are “zoomdir” and “zoomsize”. These two variables are almost the same as “zoom” - “zoomdir” controls the zoom direction, and “zoomsize” controls how far to zoom in or out. Check out the OSGeo Gallery or other examples in the MapServer wiki for other zoom/pan control options.
Try changing the “map mode” from
map. What happens
after hitting refresh? Remember, when we use
returns a static map…it ignores the HTML template and just streams the
map image directly to the browser.
Although more data layers have been added, it is still similar to Mapfile in part 1.
Now, look at the HTML template file. You’ll notice that it’s essentially an HTML form that calls a MapServer CGI program. Because it’s a form, you can implement your interface with radio buttons and checkboxes and dropdown boxes. Don’t be limited by this example - creativity is fine. ;) For more information, check out the HTML Template Reference page.
3.3.2. Pan and zoom map in WebGIS map: POST form submission#
The following shows the use of a form for submission, with various
parameters through the
input To pass on. The effect is the same as
3.3.3. View Mapfile#
Take a look at Mapfile here:
1MAP 2 NAME "mapv1a" 3 TEMPLATEPATTERN "." 4 IMAGETYPE "PNG24" 5 EXTENT -180 -90 180 90 6 SIZE 600 300 7 SHAPEPATH "/gdata" 8 SYMBOLSET "../symbols/symbols35.sym" 9 FONTSET "../fonts/fonts.list" 10 IMAGECOLOR 255 255 255 11 WEB 12 TEMPLATE "example1-a.html" 13 IMAGEPATH "/owg/ms_tmp/" 14 IMAGEURL "/ms_tmp/" 15 END 16 LAYER 17 NAME "topo" 18 DATA "land_shallow_topo_8192.tif" 19 STATUS OFF 20 TYPE RASTER 21 PROCESSING "BANDS=1,2,3" 22 END 23 LAYER 24 NAME "states_line" 25 DATA "wcountry.shp" 26 STATUS OFF 27 TYPE LINE 28 CLASS 29 NAME "State Boundary" 30 STYLE 31 SYMBOL "line5" 32 COLOR 255 255 0 33 SIZE 1 34 END 35 END 36 END 37END